Self-Instructional Training Application on Diabetic Patients' Self-Care Behaviors

Wahyuni, Sri and Prasetyowati, Christina Dewi and Pratiwi, Wahyu Nur and Alfiadi, Khalid (2021) Self-Instructional Training Application on Diabetic Patients' Self-Care Behaviors. Nurse Media Journal of Nursing, 11 (2). pp. 268-277. ISSN 2087-7811

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Background: Diabetes mellitus cases have significantly increased in Indonesia over recent years. Health education for patients has often been carried out; however, education using self-instructional methods, which provided self-learning to solve problems by adjusting the patient’s ability to improve self-care behaviors, has not been widely used. Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the self-care behaviors of diabetes mellitus patients with the application of self-instructional training. Methods: This research was a quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent pretest-posttest with a control group design. The participants were 73 diabetic patients in the out-patient units selected by a purposive sampling technique and divided into two groups: the intervention group (n=37), and the control group (n=36). The intervention group received a self-instructional training program, which was carried out in 2 sessions using a booklet; each session lasted for 45 minutes. The Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) questionnaire was used to collect diabetic patients’ self-care behavior data. Wilcoxon and MannWhitney tests were employed for data analysis. Results: Self-care behaviors of patients with diabetes mellitus increased before and after the training in both groups (p=0.000). However, the increase in the intervention group was higher than that in the control group, from 46.46±5.014 to 58.03±7.320, and from 47.78±4.929 to 51.64±6.406, respectively. There was also a significant difference in the self-care behaviors of diabetes mellitus patients between the intervention group and the control group (p=0.000). Conclusion: Self-instructional training significantly improves self-care behaviors of diabetes patients. Therefore, self-instructional training can be considered to apply in the clinical setting for improving self-care behaviors of diabetic patients to prevent complications, and for enhancing nursing care of diabetes mellitus.

Item Type: Article
Kata Kunci: Diabetes mellitus; self-care behavior; self-instructional training
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Karya Dosen > Keperawatan
Depositing User: admin
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2023 03:26
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2023 03:26

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